Kazakhstan 31 years old

Kazakhstan, the country with the largest territory of the Turkish states, is 31 years old.

Being the 9th largest country in the world in terms of area, Kazakhstan, which has the largest territory among the Turkish states, is celebrating the 31st anniversary of its independence under the sky blue flag.


Kazakhstan, which was a part of the former Soviet Union for about 70 years, became one of the 15 republics that declared its sovereignty as a result of the dissolution of the union.

The Supreme Council of Kazakhstan (Parliament) adopted the historical document officially confirming the independence of Kazakhstan on December 16, 1991.

Today, celebrating the 31st anniversary of its founding as an independent state, Kazakhstan is represented by the blue flag symbolizing the eagle flying freely in the sky, the state coat of arms and national anthem symbolizing the unity and solidarity of the people.

Considered the 9th largest country in the world in terms of area, Kazakhstan is also the country with the largest territory of the Turkish states.



Kazakhstan has neighborly relations with Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan in the south and southwest.

Geltoxan Events

Today, the martyrs of the “Jeltoksan Incidents” (December Incidents), which played an important role on the road to Kazakhstan’s independence, are also commemorated.

On December 16, 1986, a large number of Kazakh youth, most of whom were university students, gathered in the square of the then capital Almaty, protesting the Soviet administration, which dismissed Dinmuhammed Konayev, the head of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, and appointed Gennady Kolbin of Russian origin.

The Jeltoksan events, in which more than 170 people lost their lives, were recorded as “the first mass uprising within the Soviet countries against the rule of the union”.

The country, which was in a socio-economic collapse with the central management of all underground resources and the disintegration of the union during the Soviet period, revived the economy by attracting foreign investments to its important oil deposits.

Kazakhstan, which has increased its annual oil production from 25 million to 86 million tons since its independence, has also become an important raw uranium supplier for the world’s countries.

The country managed to attract approximately 400 billion dollars of foreign direct investment during the said period.

“New Kazakhstan” era

The resignation of the founding President Nursultan Nazarbayev, who ruled the country for nearly 28 years, on March 19, 2019, led to a new era in Kazakhstan.

Kasim Cömert Tokayev, who took office as the second president, stated that after the protests in January this year, the “super-presidential” system in the country’s administration came to an end and they would build a new management model called “New Kazakhstan”.

For this reason, in the country where changes were made to more than 30 articles of the Constitution with a referendum held in June, the “one person in power” model was abolished with the early presidential election held on 20 November.

Winning the said election, Tokayev became President of Kazakhstan again for a single 7-year term without the right to participate in the election.

Relations with Turkey

Turkey was recorded as “the first country to recognize the independence of Kazakhstan”. This year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Turkey and Kazakhstan increased their bilateral trade volume from 30 million dollars to 5 billion dollars during this period.

Continuing their cooperation in the regional and international arena, the two countries initiated important initiatives for the integration of the Turkish world.

He pioneered the establishment of joint institutions such as the Organization of Turkic States, the International Organization of Turkic Culture (TÜRKSOY), the International Turkic Academy (TWESCO), the Parliamentary Assembly of Turkic States (TÜRKPA).

This year, with Kazakhstan President Tokayev’s first visit to Ankara after taking office and President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s visit to Astana after 2017, bilateral relations reached a new level of cooperation.

It was decided to raise the relations between Turkey and Kazakhstan to the level of expanded strategic partnership.

Turkey, which is currently the 5th country with which Kazakhstan has the most foreign trade after Russia, China, Italy and South Korea, has been the 3rd country to increase its investments in Kazakhstan in recent years, after the USA and Switzerland. known.

According to official data, nearly 3,000 companies with Turkish capital operate in the country.

There are currently around 80 scheduled flights between Turkey and Kazakhstan, which connect the capitals of the two countries directly by air.


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