Hypolipidic diet: what it is and what it is for


The low fat diet is  a low fat diet. It is prescribed by a specialist for patients with cardiovascular problems and high cholesterol . The consumption of polyunsaturated fats such as omega 3 and omega 6 and unsaturated fats such as olive oil is recommended. Avoid saturated fats such as animal fat, cheese, industrial foods and margarine. There are different types of low fat diets, here are the ones:

  • normal: provides a quantity of fat between 25% and 30%
  • moderate: lipid intake between 20 and 25%, with a prevalent reduction of saturated fats and fats of animal origin
  • narrow: the amount of fat allowed is less than 20%, which means an increase in carbohydrates and proteins

The low fat diet serves to reduce the risk of complications resulting from excessive fat consumption . In addition to gaining weight, you can have a nutrient imbalance. People to whom it is recommended suffer from the following pathologies :

  • hypercholesterolemia
  • biliary lithiasis
  • steatorrhea
  • hepatic steatosis
  • gallbladder
  • pancreatitis
  • heart disease
  • gallbladder stones

The low fat diet doesn’t make you lose weight, because eating less fat doesn’t mean you lose weight. If you combine a low fat diet with proper and regular physical activity, then you can lose up to one kilo a week. Here are the recommended foods :

  • Whole grains
  • lean meats, such as chicken, turkey, rabbit, veal, beef, and horse
  • fish: prefer lean fish, such as sole and dogfish. Increase “blue fish”, such as hake, sea bream, red snapper and cod. Consume Omega 3, such as mackerel, salmon, sardines and anchovies
  • legumes: fresh green beans, broad beans, peas, chickpeas, lentils, beans, lupins 
  • Eggs: 1 or 2 a week, hard-boiled, poached or soft-boiled
  • cheeses and dairy products: skimmed milk, low-fat yogurt, Greek yogurt and cheeses such as ricotta, crescenza, and fior di latte
  • fruit and vegetables: 2 to 4 servings a day of fresh seasonal fruit and vegetables, raw or steamed. 
  • condiments: only extra virgin olive oil
  • spices and herbs

What meals can you make? For breakfast tea, coffee or herbal teas to combine with skimmed milk, rusks and jam, yoghurt and fresh fruit. A mid-morning and mid-afternoon snack with fruit or low-fat yogurt with a teaspoon of honey. Or rusks with a veil of jam. For lunch and dinner , here are the ideal foods to consume:

  • pasta or rice with vegetable sauce
  • legume soup with added cereals 
  • grilled chicken breast and boiled vegetables
  • steamed sole and grilled vegetables
  • roast rabbit leg and fresh salad
  • grilled mackerel with sautéed vegetables
  • omelette with egg whites and fresh seasonal vegetable salad

The advantages of the low-lipid diet are: the reduction of cholesterol levels, especially the bad one, reduction of glycemia and insulinemia, increase in lean body mass, improvement in health. On the other hand, the disadvantages are that many do not turn to a specialist, but undertake the do-it-yourself. You can run into serious nutritional deficiencies. 

  • Low fat diet: what it is, what it is for and when it is recommended and prescribed by the doctor (


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