Cop 15: protect 30% of the planet by 2030


In Montreal, Canada, at the Conference on Biodiversity countries adopted a historic agreement. All to reverse decades of human actions that have destroyed the environment, threatened species, ecosystems, and human resources. A pact of peace with nature. Countries committed to protecting 30% of the planet by 2030 and guaranteeing recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples.

By 2030, at least 30% of the land, inland water, and coastal and marine (…) areas are effectively conserved and managed. How will it happen? Through networks of ecologically representative, well-connected, and fairly managed protected areas and ensuring that any sustainable use (…) is fully compatible with the conservation objectives.

text of the agreement

The goal for rich countries is to provide $20 billion annually by 2025 and at least $30 billion annually by 2030. Double and triple current international aid for biodiversity

Cop 15 approved the creation of a new branch of the Global Environment Facility (Gef). It is an alternative to the climate change management fund. The countries of the Global South are still waiting for it. Among the points of the agreement there is also the restoration of 30% of landmarine and coastal ecosystems . The commitment also includes reducing all forms of pollution. Reduce at least half the overall risk from pesticides and highly hazardous chemicals. 


I welcome the historic result of COP15. It provides a good basis for global action on biodiversity, complementing the Paris Climate Agreement. Now the world has a double track of action for a sustainable global economy by 2050. The global community now has a roadmap to protect and restore nature and use it sustainably, for current and future generations. And investing in nature also means fighting climate change. Now is the time for all countries to realize our nature targets for 2030 and 2050. The European Green Deal, as Europe’s growth strategy, puts us at the forefront of this global economic transformation.

Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission



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